Category Injury Prevention

Flip Flop are Feet Flops

As a Sports Chiropractor in San Diego in the summertime, I find myself repeatedly doling out the same unheeded disclaimer to my clients, friends, and family. It’s not a fun message, it’s not a welcomed form of advice, and it kinda sucks to have to break the news. It’s like being a professional “Santa Clause isn’t real” messenger. Who wants to be that guy?
santaflipflop

So here it is. Flip Flop style sandals are terrible for your feet (Yes even ones with arch support), ankles, knees, hips and back.

I said it, go ahead and roll your eyes. Wearing flip flops for foot protection and support is like Brushing your teeth with cake icing and maple syrup (classic Dr. Todd analogy). I see more and more feet, ankle, knee, and hip pain mysteriously kick in during the warmer months. There is silent attack on foot and lower leg biomechanics, so lets discuss it and discuss the science.

It goes without saying that flip flops have their own charm. Something about the open and free nature of this particular design of footwear makes it one of the most popular in the world. They usually flood the streets during the summer or on any other casual sunny day but it is not entirely unheard of to find someone who wears then day in day out. For the longest time now, there has been a debate on the safety of flip flops. Those in support of the casual trend argue that they are open and comfortable allowing much needed aeration and sun exposure. Those against them point out major cons of the design including exposure to penetrating parasites as well as musculoskeletal injuries due to inadequate support among many other reasons. So, are flip flops a good idea?

flipflopdangers

Flip flop dangers

Flip flops may be comfortable and all that but they are actually not very good for you. This is the case when you regularly walk for long distances in them. Below are a few joint and soft tissue injuries you put yourself at risk of wearing flip flops.

1. Blisters and bruises

The constant contact and friction between the straps and your skin will eventually lead to bruising and formation of blisters. This usually occurs when you wear ill-fitted flip flops and could have further effects on your walking style and posture. The overall effect is pain and staining on only on the affected area but also on other parts of the foot and the leg when the blisters lead to change in gait.

2. They increase the risk of developing heel spurs

Heel spurs are calcium deposits on the heel bone as a result of consistent stress. This is usually associated with long periods of walking or standing on shoes without proper support such as Flip flops.

3. Increases risk of plantar strain leading to fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is as painful as it sounds. It usually presents as sharp pains on the middle region of the sole of your foot as your foot pushes of the ground. This is an effect of lack of proper support while walking which flip flops are notorious for. A study in Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association additionally claims that compared with athletic shoes, they increase peak plantar pressures, placing the foot at greater risk for pathologic abnormalities

4. Unnecessary strain on toes and the tarsal-metatarsal joint

Flop flops lack support at the back and people usually have to compensate by gripping the front of the shoe with their toes. This will eventually lead to toe pains and when worn consistently could damage the existing joints making mobility an absolute nightmare. According to a study in Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, (1) flip-flop footwear conditions altered gait parameters when compared to barefoot. Maximum ankle dorsiflexion in swing was greater in the flip-flop. Significantly higher tibialis anterior activation and a faster heel velocity toward the floor was evident in the flip-flop. (2).

5. Tendonitis at the Achilles tendon

This is also as a result of the lack of support from flip flops that forces the wearer to compensate using other muscles and tendons. Calf muscles are among those involved in the process and strain is usually experienced at their point of intersection through the Achilles tendon. When worn and walked on for a long period of time and on a regular basis, they could lead to inflation of this tendon.

6. Foot muscle straining especially in the flat-footed

Flat footed people have foot arches that are considerably lower than those of normal footed people. This means that they need properly supporting shoes more than anyone else. Wearing flip flops leaves them inadequately supported leading to muscle strains and foot pain.

flipflopbody

7. Increased risk of tripping

Finally, flip flops significantly increase your chances of filling and getting injured. Something that you are likely to have experienced in flip flops is stumbling when someone steps on the back of your flip flop. It actually happens a lot and is pretty much an occupational hazard for flip flop diehards.

Bottom line

After all is said and done, there is no denying that flip flop dangers are real. If you can, do your best to avoid wearing them for too long or even at all. If you are unwilling to compromise on the comfort of open shoes, you could always go for safer alternatives including peep toe shoes and back strapped sandals. But the bottom line is that you flip flops are actually not a good idea. Wear the on occasion, for short bits of time. It’s not an all day shoe, it’s convenient wear.

happyfeet

For more information:

Heel Spurs

https://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/3569222.html

www.cosmopolitan.com/health-fitness/news/a39188/flip-flops-are-bad-for-you/

Activating your Hip Flexors to prevent Low Back Pain

Activating your Hip Flexors to prevent Low Back Pain

In this video, Dr. Todd discusses several tips on how to activate your hip flexors. More commonly than not, we hardly use our hip flexors. This is due to our lifestyle. We sit, we drive, we sleep in certain positions that leave these muscles unused. This leads to common back pain and compensation of other muscles. Dr. Todd shows several activation exercises you can perform before your workout to help utilize these muscles and achieve a better workout

Mobility and Foam Roller Workshops and Food Drive: Mob-Vember!

This November I will be putting on a series of Mobility and Foam Roller Workshops in conjunction with canned food drives. Most Doctors preach prevention from within their office, I’m going outside to teach it!

Come learn how to treat and prevent aches and pains from the bottoms of your feet, you legs, lower back, and all the way up to the neck with myofascial tools like foam rollers, mobility wraps, and various tools (golf balls, lacrosse balls, myofascial sticks). Foam rollers and mobility is to your muscles and joints like a toothbrush is to your teeth and gums.
MobilityClass1

These workshops are always well attended and get tremendous positive feedback. So, here is a list of the dates and locations. More Classes should be added soon, call to signup and reserve a roller or bring your own!

These workshops are free, we just ask for a canned or packaged food donation that will be passed to the San Diego Food Bank, thank you!

November 7th Saturday, 10:00-10:45 am
Mobility and Foam Roller – Full Body Tune-Up
Lift Life Results

2710 Garnet Ave, Ste 206
San Diego, California
(619) 408-6351

November 11th Wednesday 6:30-7:15 pm
Golf Mobility- Mobility for Golf Swing
GolfTec Golden Triangle

8935 Towne Centre Dr, San Diego, CA 92122
Phone:(858) 228-5228

November 21st Saturday 11:00-11:45 am
Mobility and Foam Roller -Full Body Tune-Up
Versatile Fitness

4340 Genesee Ave, #107
San Diego CA
(845) 558-1667

November 21st Saturday, 1:00-1:45 pm
Mobility and Foam Roller – Full body with Upper Body focus
The Boxing Club -UTC Costa Verde Center

8650 Genesse Ave
Ste 206
San Diego, CA 92122
(858) 622-1903

If you are one of my clients, or belong to a gym or group you feel would like to host a workshop and food drive, I would be happy to discuss getting more people healthy and generating a laregr donation to the San Diego Food Bank, please email me Chiroplu@gmail.com.

The prescription and the dose most doctors aren’t prescribing correctly!

What if your Doctor prescribed you a therapy that would decrease your chance of dying by 70% and your chance of cardiovascular disease by 60%, would you be interested?

Studies have claimed that between 75-85 percent of death and disease can be related to lifestyle. You do not need a doctorate to understand that proper exercise, healthy diet, and mindfulness are they key ingredients to allow your genetics to present the best “you” that you can. There was a great study that tackled part of the equation above in terms of how much exercise in the form of running (one of our more organic and natural forms) is beneficial for health purposes.

woman runner

Here is the summary and take-aways from the study, attached is the link below for a full copy of the study.
“what’s the proper dose of running?”
-Maximal benefits of running occur at low levels, around 40 minutes or less.
Optimal frequency of jogging was 2-3 time per week, a combined 1 to 2.4 hours per week.

“What does running help protect you against?”
-People who ran at the dose listed above had a 68% reduction in mortality (less chance in dying)
-Runners had a reduction in all-cause and Cardiovascular disease mortality of 30% and 45% compared to non-runners
-People who ran a combined 1-2.4 hours per week was associated with the lowest mortality (71% reduction in death)
-Running and walking, but not other exercise, produces and equal “reduction” in Osteoarthritis and hip replacement risk
running heart

“Is it better to walk or run?”
Running vs. Walking: You have to walk 3 to 4 times as much as running for the same health benefit. 5 min running = 15 min walking, 25 minutes of running = 105 minutes of walking

For references and the full Proceedings from the Mayo Clinic, click here for the journal

“If I wanted to start running, what should I do to avoid injury?”

In my opinion, there are 5 components of running injuries and several training components that help minimize your risk for injury

1) Biomechanics, most running injuries stem from restricted range of motion in the feet or hips/pelvis. Professionally we help with treatment of the feet with our Functional Hallux Rehabilitation work, and chiropractic approach to the pelvis. Self care, you can work on mobility protocols for ankles and pelvis

2) Soft Tissue – Asymmetry (one side stronger than the other), trauma, and overuse can cause a thickening of the fascia, causing a restriction of the muscle, and friction between muscles, tendons, and joints. Professionally we use cutting edge techniques to restore and normalize tissue like Fascial Distortion Model, Active Release Technique, and Rapid Release Technology. Self care, you should employ mysofascial release tools like the foam roller, mobility bands, and tools like lacrosse balls and tigertails/sticks to keep the fasical system free

3) Neuromuscular Balance – Tight hamstrings and shortened hip flexors is a great example. Activities such as sitting or driving may alter our neuromuscular system which can affect performance. Chronic tight hamstrings, weak and sore lower back, sore shins may be a result of movement patterns of the muscles, not necessarily the muscles or joints. We employ neuro activation with several tools and approaches, self care is best done through cross training and body weight movements to address the imbalances

4) Footwear- There are many opinions and a lot of marketing in footwear. Find a good running shoe store and get fit correctly. If you go the minimalist route (barefoot) please slowly scale your distance and intensity. If you go the stability shoe and orthotic route, please don’t neglect to strengthen your feet with exercises and sensory input so you don’t become dependent on the support as much.

5) Running Form and Training-
Most beginners just run, and never consider there form. Although their is not one ideal form, there are techniques that can help minimize the impact on your body, and make you more efficient. Here are some tips and links below to help with form.

-Don’t run consecutive days, give your body a chance to rebuild and repair. maximum 4 days a week, with days in between.

-Don’t Increase your mileage or time too fast, experts say between 10-20% per week increase.

-Running speed and running down hills increases the pounding on your body

-Read the books or watch the videos on Chi-Running or Pose Method, great resource on posture and running.

-Attend a running clinic or get a running coach. We have some gems in San Diego, one of my favorites is a wizard of running, Ozzie Gontang…checkout his clinic on Sundays at mission bay, I’ve sent over 50+ runners and they have all had amazing results.

-Experienced runners should find a good coach locally, and even get online or phone training schedules. Below are a few friends and clients I’d highly recommend:

Bernie Sydney- Both One on One Running, triathlon, and pilates. Online and phone programs. Click for contact

Sheri Mathews- One on One running Sessions, Spin, womens group run, and training programs. -Sheri Mathews Fitness Wellness Health” target=”_blank”>Click for Contact

Speed Training Coaching by James Sheremeta- Great coach for new and experienced runners. contact here

Get out there and move, have fun and stay healthy

Post Race Recovery Foods

Recovery is as important as training when it comes to performance. During a long endurance event, you break your body down and deplete your body of nutrients and reserves. To avoid deficits, and sub-optimal performance, follow the following recovery food list to help rebuild your body, detox from oxidation, boost your immunity, lubricate your joints, and extinguish inflammation.

    POST RACE RECOVERY FOODS

Increase Protein
Greek Yogurt
Grass Fed Beef
Omega-3 Eggs

Increase Fats
Almond Butter
Fish Oil (Omega-3) Flax if your vegetarian
Macadamia Nuts

Increase Anti-oxidants
Frozen Berries-Blueberries
Greens Supplements, Tart Cherry Juice, and Non Alcoholic Beer???
Kale & Chard
Sweet Potatoes & Yams
Dark Chocolate

Increase Electrolytes
Coconut Water
Electrolyte Drinks

Increase Immune System
Pro-biotics (Whole Foods/Henrys) **Multiple strains
Whey Protein

Muscle Soreness
Magnesium Supplement (Calm is a good one)
Arnica
Tumeric Capsule or Yellow Curry

Dr. Todd’s Recovery Drink
Coconut Water-Whey Protein-Blueberry-Banana-Flax-Dark Chocolate-Ice-Greek Yogurt

PNF/Fascilitated Stretching – Simple Solution to Chronic Tight Hamstrings!

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching techniques are commonly used in the athletic and clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion (ROM) with a view to optimizing motor performance and rehabilitation. PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as the most effective stretching technique when the aim is to increase ROM, particularly in respect to short-term changes in ROM.
McCarthy et al.[39] demonstrated that ROM gains last for approximately 7 days after 1 week of twice-daily stretching
12-week period in the direction of long-lever hip flexion when conducting one repetition of PNF stretching 2 times per week


Video of PNF Stretch on your own!

The terms ‘contract relax’, ‘hold relax’ and ‘con- tract relax agonist contract’ are commonly referred to in PNF stretching literature

For more info, or a book, checkout the website at The Stretching Institute.

Chi Running

If you were to spend 4 hours a week golfing, you would probably take a lesson or a tip or two to learn to golf. If you were to fish 4 hours a week, you may ask the Bait shop which rod to use and what the fish were biting on. If you were to start sailing, entering tennis tournament, or skydive…you might want to learn how to do it before investing your time and health.

For some reason people begin to run and assume they do everything naturally. There is a huge gap in human movement in our society. If you are an elite super athlete, then you get instruction and training. If you are injured and in Rehab or Physical Therapy, you get instruction and training. If you are not an super athlete, or not injured, many people still need and Movement Instruction due to improper posture, poor coordination, or old injuries.

Chi Running is great for people looking to learn a system of running form. Pose method is also a similar and very good technique and form.

Chi Running blends the powerful movement principles from T’ai Chi, with running, to create a revolutionary approach to effortless and injury-free running.

The cornerstones of Chi Running are postural alignment and relaxation because the combination of the two is the best way to run faster, farther and injury-free. Chi Running includes: landing with a midfoot strike, using a “gravity-assisted” forward lean and engaging core strength for propulsion rather than leg strength. This approach makes your running easier and healthier for your whole body.

Below are some great videos

Guided Muscle Relaxation

Practicing progressive muscle relaxation

Guided Muscle Relaxation


Before practicing Progressive Muscle Relaxation, consult with your doctor if you have a history of muscle spasms, back problems, or other serious injuries that may be aggravated by tensing muscles.

Most progressive muscle relaxation practitioners start at the feet and work their way up to the face. For a sequence of muscle groups to follow, see the box below.

* Loosen your clothing, take off your shoes, and get comfortable.
* (You can lay on top of a foam roller along your spine and make sure to support your head
* Take a few minutes to relax, breathing in and out in slow, deep breaths from the diaphragm (belly button)
* When you’re relaxed and ready to start, shift your attention to your right foot. Take a moment to focus on the way it feels.
* Lay on your back with arms out to your side and palms up, with a slight bend to your knees (or pillow below them)
* Slowly tense the muscles in your right foot, squeezing as tightly as you can. Take a deep breath and Hold for a count of 10.
* Exhale and relax your right foot. Focus on the tension flowing away and the way your foot feels as it becomes limp and loose.
* Stay in this relaxed state for a moment, breathing deeply and slowly.
* When you’re ready, shift your attention to your left foot. Follow the same sequence of muscle tension and release.
* Move slowly up through your body, contracting and relaxing the muscle groups as you go.
* It may take some practice at first, but try not to tense muscles other than those intended.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation Sequence

The most popular sequence runs as follows:

1. Right foot
2. Left foot
3. Right calf
4. Left calf
5. Right thigh
6. Left thigh
7. Hips and buttocks
8. Stomach
9. Chest
10. Back
11. Right arm and hand
12. Left arm and hand
13. Neck and shoulders
14. Face

9 Surprising Truths about Sunscreen

The Original article can be found on the Environmental Working Group WebsiteClick Here

Sunscreens Exposed: 9 surprising truths

Not All Sunscreens are created equal

Sunscreens prevent sunburns, but beyond that simple fact surprisingly little is known about the safety and efficacy of these ubiquitous creams and sprays. FDA’s failure to finalize its 1978 sunscreen safety standards both epitomizes and perpetuates this state of confusion. EWG’s review of the latest research unearthed troubling facts that might tempt you to give up on sunscreens altogether. That’s not the right answer – despite the unknowns about their efficacy, public health agencies still recommend using sunscreens, just not as your first line of defense against the sun. At EWG we use sunscreens, but we look for shade, wear protective clothing and avoid the noontime sun before we smear on the cream. Here are the surprising facts:

1. There’s no consensus on whether sunscreens prevent skin cancer.

The Food and Drug Administration’s 2007 draft sunscreen safety regulations say: “FDA is not aware of data demonstrating that sunscreen use alone helps prevent skin cancer” (FDA 2007). The International Agency for Research on Cancer agrees. IARC recommends clothing, hats and shade as primary barriers to UV radiation and writes that “sunscreens should not be the first choice for skin cancer prevention and should not be used as the sole agent for protection against the sun” (IARC 2001a). Read more.

2. There’s some evidence that sunscreens might increase the risk of the deadliest form of skin cancer for some people.

Some researchers have detected an increased risk of melanoma among sunscreen users. No one knows the cause, but scientists speculate that sunscreen users stay out in the sun longer and absorb more radiation overall, or that free radicals released as sunscreen chemicals break down in sunlight may play a role. One other hunch: Inferior sunscreens with poor UVA protection that have dominated the market for 30 years may have led to this surprising outcome. All major public health agencies still advise using sunscreens, but they also stress the importance of shade, clothing and timing. Read more.

3. There are more high SPF products than ever before, but no proof that they’re better.

In 2007 the FDA published draft regulations that would prohibit companies from labeling sunscreens with an SPF (sun protection factor) higher than “SPF 50+.” The agency wrote that higher values were “inherently misleading,” given that “there is no assurance that the specific values themselves are in fact truthful…” (FDA 2007). Scientists are also worried that high-SPF products may tempt people to stay in the sun too long, suppressing sunburns (a late, key warning of overexposure) while upping the risks of other kinds of skin damage.

Flaunting FDA’s proposed regulation, companies substantially increased their high-SPF offerings in 2011. Nearly one in five products now lists SPF values higher than “50+”, compared to only one in eight in 2009, according to EWG’s analysis of more than 600 beach and sport sunscreens. Among the worst offenders are Walgreens and CVS stores and Neutrogena. Walgreens’ boasts of SPF higher than “50+” on nearly half of its sunscreens; CVS and Neutrogena make the same misleading claim on about a third of theirs. Read more.

4. Too little sun might be harmful, reducing the body’s vitamin D levels.

Adding to the confusion is the fact that sunshine serves a critical function in the body that sunscreen appears to inhibit — production of vitamin D. The main source of vitamin D in the body is sunshine, and the compound is enormously important to health – it strengthens bones and the immune system, reduces the risk of various cancers (including breast, colon, kidney, and ovarian cancers) and regulates at least 1,000 different genes governing virtually every tissue in the body (Mead 2008). Over the last two decades, vitamin D levels in the U.S. population have been decreasing steadily, creating a “growing epidemic of vitamin D insufficiency” (Ginde 2009a). Seven of every 10 U.S. children now have low levels. Those most likely to be deficient include children who are obese or who spend more than four hours daily in front of the TV, computer or video games (Kumar 2009).

Experts disagree on the solution. The American Medical Association has recommended 10 minutes of direct sun (without sunscreen) several times a week (AMA 2008), while the American Academy of Dermatology holds that “there is no scientifically validated, safe threshold level of UV exposure from the sun that allows for maximal vitamin D synthesis without increasing skin cancer risk” (AAD 2009). Vitamin D supplements are the alternative, but there is debate over the proper amount. The Institute of Medicine has launched new research to reassess the current guidelines. In the meantime, your doctor can test your vitamin D levels and give advice on sunshine versus supplements. Read more.

5. The common sunscreen ingredient vitamin A may speed the development of cancer.

Recently available data from an FDA study indicate that a form of vitamin A, retinyl palmitate, when applied to the skin in the presence of sunlight, may speed the development of skin tumors and lesions (NTP 2009). This evidence is troubling because the sunscreen industry adds vitamin A to 30 percent of all sunscreens.

The industry puts vitamin A in its formulations because it is an anti-oxidant that slows skin aging. That may be true for lotions and night creams used indoors, but FDA recently conducted a study of vitamin A’s photocarcinogenic properties, the possibility that it results in cancerous tumors when used on skin exposed to sunlight. Scientists have known for some time that vitamin A can spur excess skin growth (hyperplasia), and that in sunlight it can form free radicals that damage DNA (NTP 2000).

In FDA’s one-year study, tumors and lesions developed up to 21 percent sooner in lab animals coated in a vitamin A-laced cream (at a concentration of 0.5%) than animals treated with a vitamin-free cream. Both groups were exposed to the equivalent of just nine minutes of maximum intensity sunlight each day.

It’s an ironic twist for an industry already battling studies on whether their products protect against skin cancer. The FDA data are preliminary, but if they hold up in the final assessment, the sunscreen industry has a big problem. In the meantime, EWG recommends that consumers avoid sunscreens with vitamin A (look for “retinyl palmitate” or “retinol” on the label). Read more.

6. Free radicals and other skin-damaging byproducts of sunscreen.

Both UV radiation and many common sunscreen ingredients generate free radicals that damage DNA and skin cells, accelerate skin aging and cause skin cancer. An effective sunscreen prevents more damage than it causes, but sunscreens are far better at preventing sunburn than at limiting free radical damage. While typical SPF ratings for sunburn protection range from 15 to 50, equivalent “free radical protection factors” fall at only about 2. When consumers apply too little sunscreen or reapply it infrequently, behaviors that are more common than not, sunscreens can cause more free radical damage than UV rays on bare skin. Read more.

7. Pick your sunscreen: nanomaterials or potential hormone disruptors.

The ideal sunscreen would completely block the UV rays that cause sunburn, immune suppression and damaging free radicals. It would remain effective on the skin for several hours and not form harmful ingredients when degraded by UV light. It would smell and feel pleasant so that people use it in the right amount and frequency.

Unsurprisingly, there is currently no sunscreen that meets all of these criteria. The major choice in the U.S. is between “chemical” sunscreens, which have inferior stability, penetrate the skin and may disrupt the body’s hormone systems, and “mineral” sunscreens (zinc and titanium), which often contain micronized- or nano-scale particles of those minerals.

After reviewing the evidence, EWG determined that mineral sunscreens have the best safety profile of today’s choices. They are stable in sunlight and do not appear to penetrate the skin. They offer UVA protection, which is sorely lacking in most of today’s sunscreen products. Mexoryl SX (ecamsule) is another good option, but it’s sold in very few formulations. Tinosorb S and M could be great solutions but are not yet available in the U.S. For consumers who don’t like mineral products, we recommend sunscreens with avobenzone (3 percent for the best UVA protection) and without the notorious hormone disruptors oxybenzone or 4-MBC. Scientists have called for parents to avoid using oxybenzone on children due to penetration and toxicity concerns. Read more.

8. Europe’s better sunscreens.

Sunscreen makers and users in Europe have more options than in the United States. In Europe, sunscreen makers can select from among 27 chemicals for their formulations, compared to 17 in the U.S. Companies selling in Europe can add any of seven UVA filters to their products, but have a choice of only three when they market in the U.S. European sunscreens could earn FDA’s proposed four-star top rating for UVA protection, while the best U.S. products would earn only three stars. Sunscreen chemicals approved in Europe but not by the FDA provide up to five times more UVA protection; U.S. companies have been waiting five years for FDA approval to use the same compounds. Last but not least, Europeans will find many sunscreens with strong (mandatory) UVA protection if proposed regulations in Europe are finalized. Under FDA’s current proposal, Americans will not. Read more.

9. The 34th summer in a row without final U.S. sunscreen safety regulations.

In the United States, consumer protection has stalled because of the FDA’s 33-year effort to set enforceable guidelines for consumer protection. EWG has found a number of serious problems with existing sunscreens, including overstated claims about their perfomance and inadequate UVA protection. Many of these will be remedied if and when the FDA’s proposed sunscreen rule takes effect. But even after the rule is enacted, gaps will remain. FDA does not consider serious toxicity concerns such as hormone disruption when approving new sun filters. The new rules would also still allow sunscreen makers to use ingredients like vitamin A that can damage the skin in sunlight, and would fail to require makers to measure sunscreen stability despite ample evidence that many products break down quickly in sunlight. Read more.

Sitting…the hidden dangers of a common action

As we enter the second decade of the 21st century, there is one thing nearly all modern Americans have in common: we sit all the time. Though our great shift towards computer-based work has done great things for productivity, it has, unfortunately, done terrible things for our health. From increased risk of heart disease and obesity in the long term, to sharply hampered cholesterol maintenance in the short term, the negative health effects of sitting are starting to weigh heavily against the benefits. Even the medical field – the greatest advocates of reducing sitting time – is plagued by this new health issue. Though doctors and nurses get plenty of walking time, it usually falls to engineers, attorneys, executives, programmers, and office workers.  And, as we can see, something has to change.

Sitting Infographic

 


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